Coordinated SPR Release Unlikely to Affect High Oil Prices
Brent Crude Oil Analysis:
- Oil price U-turn: Oil prices trading back at the same levels before the SPR rumors and subsequent confirmation
- OPEC + Response unclear ahead of the December 2nd meeting
- IG Client Sentiment suggests ‘wait and see’ approach ahead of the OPEC meeting
Oil Price Turnaround: A Possible Case of ‘Sell the Rumor Buy the Fact’?
Much has been said in 2020 about a ‘V-shaped’ recovery when referring to the bounce back in the economy but it looks like oil has just completed its own version – albeit on a much smaller scale.
On Friday last week we saw a near 4% decline in the oil price as rumors of a coordinated special petroleum reserve (SPR) gained momentum. Then on Tuesday President Biden’s administration announced the release of 50 million barrels of oil alongside smaller releases from Britain, Japan, South Korea India and China; said to amount to 70-80 million barrels in total. However, 32 million barrels are said to be an exchange, or loan, that will need to be repaid at a later stage, while the other 18 million forms part of a pre-authorized sale.
The amount of 50 million barrels has been commended as a step in the right direction in efforts to lower prices but the exchange/sale structure complicates the attractiveness of the offering as there is likely to be some form of interest payment due on the 32 million barrels. All in all, the combined release adds less than one day of global consumption which the market looks to have processed rather quickly as oil prices rose back towards last week’s high after details of the release hit the news wires.
Technical Levels: Crude Oil
Crude prices are relatively flat after Tuesday’s close (daily) after rejecting the 100% Fib retracement (77.60) of the July to August decline. The Fibonacci extension of the same move captured the yearly high at the 161.8% extension – a level often used for target setting or liquidating existing positions.
Prices may hover above the 80 mark on the back of the recent bullish move but a retracement towards $80 is not to be discounted. In the next week, price action become sensitive to any OPEC + official communication/response to the recent supply additions.
Crude Oil Daily Chart
Chart prepared by Richard Snow, IG
OPEC + Response to Coordinated SPR Release
There is yet to be any official OPEC + response as the energy producing countries are still to meet next week. However, according to an OPEC source, the organization’s Economic Commission Board (ECB) expects the recent increase in oil supply to lead to a surplus of 1.1 million barrels per day.
OPEC + remain set to meet on the 2nd of December to discuss the SPR release and other demand and supply expectations heading into 2022.
IG Client Sentiment ‘Mixed’ as Price Stabilizes
IG captures data around WTI prices which is being used in this analysis as a proxy for market sentiment in the crude oil market.
Oil – US Crude: Retail trader data shows 53.58% of traders are net-long with the ratio of traders long to short at 1.15 to 1.
We typically take a contrarian view to crowd sentiment, and the fact traders are net-long suggests Oil – US Crude prices may continue to fall.
The number of traders net-long is 7.40% higher than yesterday and 15.56% lower from last week, while the number of traders net-short is 1.96% higher than yesterday and 22.48% higher from last week.
Positioning is more net-long than yesterday but less net-long from last week. The combination of current sentiment and recent changes gives us a mixed Oil – US Crude reading.
— Written by Richard Snow for DailyFX.com
Contact and follow Richard on Twitter: @RichardSnowFX